The History Of The Supreme Court

Brooke Wilcox, Editor

The Supreme Court is known as the highest judicial court in a country or state. This concept was established on March 4th, 1789. The reason the United States started the Supreme Court was for the citizens that only had one last resort to go to. For example, if a person got charged for murder and they have already been waiting for their court date, their last resort would be the Supreme Court to decide if they are guilty or not of that specific crime. 

The Supreme Court was first led by George Washington. The Supreme Court was created because it gave power to the congress to create inner federal courts. 

The first supreme court case was in 1791 and it was the case of Van Staphorst V. Maryland. However this court case was not decided on.  But the first recorded decision case was West V. Barnes in 1791. 

The first chief Justice of the United States was John Jay. West V Barnes was the earliest case calling for oral agreement. 

Finally, in today’s world instead of having only one “leader” of the supreme court we have 8! Those 8 people include John G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice of the United States, Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice, Stephen G. Breyer, Associate Justice, Samuel A. Alito, Jr., Associate Justice, Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice, Elena Kagan, Associate Justice, Neil M. Gorsuch, Associate Justice, Brett M. Kavanaugh, Associate Justice.